The Role Of Speech Input Software In Accessibility

Published June 29, 2023

In an era where digital technology permeates every aspect of our lives, speech input software has emerged as a powerful tool, bridging gaps and fostering an environment of inclusion for people with diverse needs. This cutting-edge solution allows users to command computers and digital devices through the power of their voice by converting speech into text or executing a wide range of tasks via vocal instructions. 

As a cornerstone of modern accessibility, speech input software opens doors for people with motor limitations, learning disabilities, or those who find hands-free computing more convenient. It offers them a seamless alternative to connect and engage with the digital realm. In this post, we will explore the variety of speech recognition technology available in the market today and how you can use it to promote a more user-friendly digital environment for everyone.

What is Speech Input Software?

Also known as speech recognition technology, this program listens to your spoken words and turns them into written text. It's like having a helpful friend who writes everything you say, so you don't have to type it yourself. This makes it easier for people to use computers, especially if they have trouble typing or want to work hands-free.

The software uses advanced algorithms and artificial intelligence to understand the sounds of your voice. When you speak, the software records your voice and breaks it into smaller parts called phonemes. These phonemes represent the individual sounds that makeup words.

The software then compares these phonemes to an extensive database of spoken language patterns and matches them with the most likely words you're saying. It considers the context of the sentence, grammar rules, and common phrases to generate accurate text from your speech.

As you use the speech input software more, it learns to recognize your unique voice, accent, and speaking style, which helps improve its accuracy.

Types of Speech Input Software

Several software types are in this category, each serving a different purpose. Here are some of the most common ones:

Voice assistants

These are personal helpers that you can talk to on your phones or smart devices, such as Siri, Google Assistant, or Amazon Alexa. They can set reminders, play music, or search for online information.

Dictation software

This type of speech input software converts your spoken words into written text. Software like Nuance Dragon and Google's Voice Typing is very useful for people who want to write documents, emails, or messages without typing. 

Voice command software

Software like Windows Speech Recognition and Apple's Voice Control allows you to control your computer or device with voice commands. For example, you can open apps, switch between windows, or adjust settings using your voice. 

Speech-to-text apps

These apps focus on transcribing spoken words into written text on your phone or tablet. They can be handy for taking quick notes, composing messages, or capturing ideas. and Speechnotes are some great apps in this category. 

Accessibility software

Several types of speech input software are specifically designed for people with mobility, physical, and cognitive impairments (such as ADHD or TBI) or needing technology assistance. These programs – like JAWS (a screen reader) and Gboard (an on-screen keyboard with voice typing) – can help users with tasks like navigating the web, reading text aloud, or interacting with their devices in a more accessible way. 

To find the software that best meets your unique needs, explore and find the one that combines features from different types.

Popular Speech Input Software Tools for People with Diverse Needs

JAWS (Job Access with Speech)

JAWS is a well-known screen reader software designed for people with trouble seeing the screen. Besides reading the text on the screen, it also comes with speech input features, which means you can use your voice to give commands and control your computer. 

This is a big help not only for visually impaired users but also for people who might have difficulty using their hands or arms, such as those with arthritis or other mobility issues. With JAWS, they can navigate the digital world more easily and independently using their voice.

Dragon NaturallySpeaking

Dragon NaturallySpeaking is a well-known speech recognition software program developed by Nuance Communications to transcribe spoken words into text and execute voice commands. Dragon is suitable for people with mobility, visual, or cognitive impairments, as it enables hands-free navigation and control of a computer.

Amazon Alexa

Alexa is Amazon's virtual assistant, available on Echo devices and other Alexa-enabled gadgets, like Amazon Echo, Amazon Fire TV Stick, smart home devices, smartwatches, and even third-party speakers and headphones. It uses voice recognition technology to understand and execute spoken commands. 

Alexa is helpful for those with the following conditions as it allows them to control smart home devices, play music, set reminders, and more without physically interacting with their devices:

  • Limited hand or arm movement because of conditions like arthritis or spinal cord injuries
  • Visual impairments, including low vision, and 
  • Cognitive challenges stemming from conditions like dementia or traumatic brain injuries


VoiceOver is a built-in screen reader and speech input solution on Apple devices, including iPhones, iPads, and Macs. It's designed for users with visual impairments, offering voice control for navigation, text input, and device management. VoiceOver reads the screen's contents and provides verbal feedback, enabling users to interact with their devices through speech commands.

Gboard Voice Typing

Gboard is Google's keyboard app for Android and iOS devices, including a voice typing feature. This allows speech, learning, or mobility-impaired users to simply dictate messages, emails, and documents by speaking into their devices. Gboard's voice typing is known for its accuracy and ease of use, making it a popular choice for those who need speech input capabilities.

Google Voice Typing

Google Voice Typing is a built-in speech-to-text feature available in Google Docs and the Gboard keyboard app for Android devices. It's very easy to use and can help people with speech or learning disabilities communicate more efficiently. Users can simply speak into their device, and it will convert their words into text within the document or message.


Siri is Apple's built-in virtual assistant on iPhones, iPads, and Macs. It uses voice recognition to understand spoken commands, making it useful for those with mobility or visual impairments. You can ask Siri to make calls, send texts, set reminders, or search the internet without touching your device.

Windows Speech Recognition

Windows Speech Recognition is a built-in feature in Microsoft Windows that allows users to control their computers using voice commands. This is helpful for people with mobility impairments, as it reduces the need for a keyboard or mouse. You can easily open programs, dictate documents, and browse the internet using your voice.

Voice Access

Voice Access is an Android app developed by Google to help people with mobility impairments use their devices hands-free. This app lets users control their smartphones or tablets using only their voice without the need to touch the screen. It offers voice commands that help with things like moving around the device, typing messages, and managing different functions on the phone or tablet. 


Cortana is Microsoft's virtual assistant, available on Windows 10 devices and integrated with Microsoft 365 applications. It uses voice recognition technology to set reminders, answer questions, and launch applications. Cortana can be especially beneficial for mobility or visual impairments users, enabling hands-free interaction with their devices.

e-Speaking Voice

e-Speaking Voice is a speech recognition software for Windows that allows users to control their computers using voice commands. With more than 100 built-in commands, it helps individuals with mobility or dexterity impairments navigate and manage their devices with no keyboard or mouse.

Users can also add custom commands to tailor the software to their needs.


ReadSpeaker is a web-based text-to-speech and speech input service designed to make online content more accessible. It caters to users with visual, cognitive, or learning impairments by offering voice-enabled navigation and control of web pages. ReadSpeaker can be integrated into websites, e-learning platforms, and mobile apps, ensuring a more inclusive online experience.

Taking Web Accessibility to the Next Level with Speech Input Software 

Speech recognition technology plays a transformational role in making the web a more inclusive space for everyone, especially those with special needs. By ensuring that websites and apps are compatible with this technology, people who find it challenging to use a mouse or keyboard can easily navigate and interact with web content using just their voice.

Picture someone with a mobility impairment who struggles typing on a keyboard or touchscreen. With speech input software, they can effortlessly speak their commands or the text they want to input, and the software takes care of the rest. This makes activities like browsing the web, filling out forms, and joining online discussions more enjoyable and inclusive.

But that's not all—this software is also helpful for users with visual impairments. Users can hear the screen's content and control their device using voice commands when combined with screen reader technology. This creates a smoother browsing experience so everyone can benefit from the internet's vast information and resources.


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